VACCINE CLINIC

VACCINE CLINIC

MARCH 28TH

8AM – 12AM

Join Jackpot Equine at Vaquero Feed for your horses spring vaccines and a short talk at 10am on why it’s important to vaccinate!

-Call for appointments 520-888-8489

*** Facility Fee reduced from $30 to $10 ***

( Vaquero and Jackpot each pitched in $10 )

3301 N Freeway Rd

Tucson Az 85705

 

Equine First Aid Kits and Why You Need One

Despite their classic beauty and grace, most horses are prone to accidents. From small scratches to puncture wounds or strained muscles to broken legs, at times it seems like horses and ponies are magnets for trouble.

Vital first aid supplies
Every horse owner needs a few basic first aid horse_first_aid_kit_gym_bagitems. These items will help you dress wounds, reduce swelling and inflammation, and more. In fact, since a horse injury can occur at any time or in any location, keep at least a basic first aid kit in your barn, truck or horse trailer, and saddle bag. Make your own kit with the following items:

  • Bandages – protect wounds, support muscles, and hold ice packs with horse leg wraps or self-adhesive bandages, including CoFlexPowerFlex, and Vetrap.
  • Blunt-Tipped Scissors – safely cut away and remove bandages and wraps.
  • Buckets – soak hooves and more with a few buckets kept specifically for first aid use.
  • Flashlight – view wounds and injuries in darkness or poor light conditions.
  • Hemostat – remove splinters, burrs, thistles, and more from your horse’s skin with a hemostat.
  • Hoof Pick – remove foreign objects from hooves and shoes.
  • Ice Packs – prevent and reduce swelling with Ice Cells.
  • Lubricant – help insert thermometers with mineral oil or Vaseline®.
  • PVC Pipes – cut 6″ diameter piping in half lengthwise and then into 1-1/2 to 2 foot sections for use as an emergency splint.
  • Rubbing Alcohol – quickly disinfect scissors, thermometers, and more.
  • Sheet or Roll Cotton – help apply pressure bandages or offer support to injured muscles or bones.
  • Sterile Gauze – clean and cover minor cuts and wounds with sterile gauze or Telfa (non-stick) pads of various sizes. Use gauze rolls to hold dressings and pressure wraps in place.
  • Surgical Gloves – keep your hands clean and help prevent wound contamination.
  • Thermometer – measure your horse’s temperature (normal range is 99.0°F to 101°F) with a fast and accurate digital thermometer.
  • Wire Cutters – free your horse from fences.
  • Wound Antiseptic – prevent infections with an antiseptic powder or ointment. Some insect repellents, such as Roll-On Fly Repellent and SWAT® are designed for use around wounds to help repel insects for added wound protection.
  • Wound Cleaner – clean fresh wounds with a gentle, iodine solution like Povidone-10%.

Easy access to your veterinarian’s and farrier’s contact information is also vital. In addition, a complete record of all your horse’s medications, vaccinations, and wormers is essential – especially in an emergency

EQUINE VACCINATIONS

Vaccinating Your Horse

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT EQUINE VACCINATIONS.

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Equine Vaccination Guideline

1. RABIES:
  • Although rabies is infrequent in horses, it is a significant risk to people and is 100% fatal. It is therefore considered a core vaccine.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Annual booster.
2. TETANUS:
  • Tetanus is a progressive and often fatal disease caused by the bacteria Clostridium tetani, which is ubiquitous in the environment.
  • The disease is caused by a neurotoxin that is produced when the bacteria infects wounds (especially puncture wounds and deep lacerations).
  • It causes progressive “stiff” paralysis that can be fatal if not treated.
  • While the disease is not contagious among horses or people, horses are very sensitive to the neurotoxin and therefore tetanus is considered a core vaccine.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Annually or at the time of a wound or surgery.
3. EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS/WESTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS (EEE/WEE):
  • These are neurologic diseases that cause a range of symptoms in horses and people including fever, lethargy, recumbency, seizures, mental dullness and death.
  • They are transmitted by mosquitoes and other blood sucking insects from birds and rodents to horses or humans.
  • They are NOT contagious from horse to horse, human to human or horse to human.
  • The Northeast is considered endemic for these diseases and there have been deaths in horses in the recent past confirmed caused by EEE.
  • The vaccines available are highly efficacious and very safe.
  • Vaccine schedule: Annually or bi-annually, depending on risk factors including mosquito prevalence, travel, and time of spring vaccine.
4. WEST NILE VIRUS:
  • West Nile Virus causes neurologic disease similar to EEE and WEE
  • It is 33% fatal in horse and surviving animals often have long term effects of the disease.
  • Over 24,000 cases since 1999 in US horses. The number of new cases per year in horses continues to decrease (probably because we vaccinate so well!)
  • The vaccines available are highly efficacious and very safe.
  • Vaccine schedule: Annually or bi-annually, depending on risk factors including mosquito prevalence, travel, and time of spring vaccine.
  • NOTE: EEE/WEE, Tetanus and West Nile Virus is a combined vaccine product that we use regularly. Depending on your individual horse and risk factors, we are starting to recommend twice yearly vaccination more and more.
5. EQUINE HERPES VIRUS (EHV)/RHINOPNEUMONITIS:
  • Rhino is caused by Equine Herpes Virus (EHV). It is divided in to subtypes EHV-1 and EHV-4.
  • It causes a variety of clinical disease, including abortion, weak or stillborn foals, acute neurologic disease and upper respiratory disease. This disease group has been very controversial in the last several years due to neurologic outbreaks.
  • It is highly contagious from horse to horse via nasal secretions and can live in the environment for at least 14 days.
  • The vaccines do NOT protect against the neurologic form of the disease. However, the vaccines may help reduce spread of the disease from horse to horse.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Bi-annually (or more frequently if warranted) Due to the highly contagious nature of the disease, and the fact that the vaccine may not provide long-lived protection.
6. INFLUENZA:
  • Influenza causes similar signs to human flu. High fevers, lethargy, nasal discharge, cough.
  • Influenza has many strains and sometimes the vaccine doesn’t protect against them all. The vaccine is only protective for 4-6 months.
  • It is highly contagious and is most common in horses that travel a lot and are exposed to new horses, or at show grounds, race-tracks, etc.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Bi-annually is recommended, or more often if travelling and showing frequently.
  • NOTE: Influenza comes in a combination vaccine with Rhino. (Flu/Rhino)
7. POTOMAC HORSE FEVER:
  • Caused by Neorickettsia risticii (formerly Ehrlichia risticii), this disease has a complex lifecycle, including snails and slugs. It is believed to be transmitted to horses through accidental ingestion of insects (mayflies, caddis flies, aquatic insects) who have ingested the organism in water. It is therefore more common in areas with water, snails, and aquatic insects.
  • The disease is seasonal, worse in summer months, and is more common in areas South of Maine. However, recently there have been several suspicious cases in Maine.
  • Clinical signs include fever, diarrhea, lethargy, colic, and laminitis. Unfortunately, the disease is often fatal.
  • The vaccine has variable efficacy and is not known to have long lasting immunity.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Annually or bi-annually for horses in high risk areas or horses that are travelling South.
8. STRANGLES:
  • Caused by a bacteria, Streptococcus equi, strangles is characterized by high fever, thick mucopurulent nasal discharge (mucous and pus) and swelling and abscessing of the lymph nodes of the head and upper throat.
  • The organism is persistent in the environment and is highly contagious from horse to horse.
  • There are two types of vaccines. One is injectable (intramuscularly) and one is intranasal (squirted up the nose). Because of the different methods that these vaccines create immunity, they are not interchangeable. In other words, if your horse was previously vaccinated with the injectable form, then switching to the intranasal form would require an initial series of two vaccines.
  • Depending on when your horse began getting the strangles vaccine, we use both forms in our practice.
  • Vaccine Schedule: Annually. Recommended for horses that travel, show or live in barns that have horses coming in and out on a regular basis.

Rattlesnakes and Fall Weather

Rattlesnakes and  Fall Weather

We have all heard this many times. Yes the snakes will be out sunning themselves during the day; they really want nothing from you except to leave them alone. But when out riding or hiking you may encounter one and of course if you have your buddy “Fido” along, things could get exciting.

Be sure to get control of Fido so he will not get too close to the snake, stay calm and back away. By this time the snake is probably hissing and rattling its tail letting you know he is not happy with this situation.

Remember, keeping Fido away from the snake will keep you out of the vet office and save you money, as it does cost quite a bit of $$$ to treat a dog with anti-venom.

Barbara

rattlesnake

Important USDA Article in Beef Magazine

Important USDA Article in Beef Magazine

Hello Livestock Owners,

“Animal ID” or “Animal Traceability” has been a scary phrase since we all first heard it. It means different things to different people because it affects Horse Owners, 4-H Livestock Exhibitors, Rodeo Contestants, Contractors, Cattle Ranchers and Feeders – all very differently.

Think of it as disease traceability and maybe it makes more sense. Just think of the Ebola Virus – how scary and how quickly it spreads. Some diseases in our livestock are just as frightening.

How do we trace it to the source?

For Cattle Producers – read more on this

Barbara

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